A World Without Statistics

Planets 600

Astronomy is perhaps the oldest science and the first to systematically collect data for analysis.

For example, the ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician Hipparchus noticed the scatter in Babylonian measurements of the length of the year and wrote about the general problem of combining data to quantify a phenomenon–deciding on the middle of the range. Problems arising from the analysis of astronomical problems continued to fuel the development of statistical methods for centuries–including Legendre’s